What is CBD?

CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of the more than 100 naturally occurring cannabinoid compounds found in different varieties of Cannabis sativa plants, which are more commonly known as hemp and marijuana. CBD interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system in beneficial ways and is the subject of a great deal of promising medical research focused on the useful effects of cannabinoids.

It’s important to note that, even though they are both cannabinoids, CBD is very different from tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, which is the main component of marijuana responsible for making people feel high. Unlike THC, cannabidiol is not psychotropic and does not cause a high or a feeling of euphoria. This makes it an attractive option for people looking for the therapeutic benefits of cannabinoids without the psychoactive effects of THC.  

CBD can be extracted from either hemp or marijuana and made into an oil. Our CBD oil comes from hemp plants, which are the best source of CBD.

How is your CBD oil made?

Our CBD oil is extracted from organic industrial hemp using CO2  extraction. The CO2 extraction method is free of harsh chemicals, and it yields the purist extracts with the highest concentrations of cannabidiol. While it is an expensive method, we think the results are worth it.

Using a CO2 extraction method gives us a CBD oil that is full spectrum, meaning it contains the full range of naturally occurring compounds found in the hemp plant. By contrast, CBD in isolate form as sold by many other companies strips out all of the other beneficial compounds naturally found in hemp, leaving behind a flavorless substance that dissolves in water (unlike our oil).

Our broad spectrum CBD oil is earthy in flavor and color and retains useful compounds such as terpenes, the components that give hemp its distinctive smell. We often use the analogy of brown rice versus white rice to describe the difference between broad spectrum and isolate forms of CBD. Refining rice down to the point that it’s soft and white strips out flavor and beneficial components. Similarly, in broad spectrum CBD oil, the diverse components and compounds found in hemp interact with each other, making the oil greater than the sum of its parts. In short, we’ve chosen our extraction method to make sure our CBD oil contains the full range of beneficial compounds naturally found in hemp.

What is the difference between hemp and marijuana?

Hemp and marijuana are two different varieties of the cannabis plant – Cannabis sativa in the scientific taxonomy – each with extremely unique properties. They are both natural marvels, and it’s extraordinary that two plants which are so similar scientifically have such remarkable differences in their beneficial uses.

Hemp is very fibrous, has long and tough stalks that can grow up to 15 feet high, and unlike marijuana contains barely any THC. Hemp grows in a wide variety of places and climates, and its fibers and stalks are used to make all sorts of extremely useful products including paper, rope, clothing, canvas, biofuel, flour, lotions, substitutes for plastic, and more. Hemp is also the source of our CBD oil.

Marijuana plants are smaller than hemp plants, bushier, and are full of flowering buds rich in the THC that gives marijuana its psychotropic effect. Marijuana does not grow well in many of the climates where hemp thrives, so it does not have nearly the same growing range. Its range of practical uses is also much narrower than that of hemp.

Marijuana contains high concentrations of THC and just small amounts of cannabidiol by comparison, which makes it a relatively poor source of CBD. By contrast, hemp contains much higher proportions of CBD and only trace amounts of THC. This high concentration of cannabidiol in hemp makes it an excellent source for CBD oil. Additionally, because it contains only a minuscule amount of THC, if any at all, hemp and hemp extractions like CBD oil do not have the psychotropic effects of marijuana and will not cause a high.  

What’s the difference between CBD oil and regular hemp seed oil?

CBD oil and hemp seed oil both come from hemp, but they are very different products. Hemp seed oil (sometimes just called “hemp oil”) is extracted from the seeds of the hemp plant, usually with a cold press extraction method. You can often find hemp seed oil sold in grocery stores.

While it is a nutritious oil, hemp seed oil does not contain any CBD for the simple reason that hemp seeds do not contain CBD. With the seeds being the only component of hemp used in hemp seed oil extractions, a hemp seed oil will only contain a narrow selection of the compounds found in hemp, and it will contain no cannabidiol. Our CBD oil is extracted from the full hemp plant, which yields a full spectrum product rich in cannabidiol and the other beneficial compounds found in hemp.

How does CBD work?

CBD is a natural phytocannabinoid (phyto signifying “produced by plants”) that interacts with the body’s endocannabinoid system in remarkable ways. The body naturally produces critical neurotransmitters called endocannabinoids (endo meaning “produced internally”). They serve as messengers in the endocannabinoid system. Phytocannabinoids such as cannabidiol can mimic the effect of the body’s own endocannabinoids, leading to many beneficial effects.

Taken together, the body’s endocannabinoid system consists of endocannabinoid neurotransmitters and millions of cannabinoid receptors located throughout the body, in particular in the nervous system, that work together to keep our systems in balance and body in homeostatis. In short, homeostatis means maintaining a stable internal environment in the body, even as external changes and stresses arise. This is extremely important to good health and functioning.  

The endocannabinoid system is spread throughout the brain, central nervous system, digestive track, and immune system, where it helps regulate and provide neuroprotection, stress relief, and appropriate immune responses. It also is critical for regulating the body’s inflammation response and overall state of balance for critical processes such as appetite, sleep, mood, and pain relief. Within this system, endocannabinoids are the messengers that signal the body to return to balance if it has strayed from it.

CBD works a little differently from the body’s own endocannabinoids in that it does not bind directly with cannabinoid receptors in the nervous system. Instead, it inhibits the enzymes that break down endocannabinoids, leading to an increase in the body’s own natural cannabinoids. This and other remarkable properties of cannabidiol are the subject of much ongoing research, and we are finding out more about the way CBD works and its useful effects all the time.

Love and light,

Mimi May

Disclaimer: This content is for educational purposes only. The information provided is derived from research gathered from external sources.

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