CBD Terpenes and the Entourage Effect

CBD terpenes

The CBD industry is new and largely unregulated. Hemp has been around for thousands of years. Still, the first person who extracted CBD from flower buds only did so roughly fifty years ago. Cannabinoids and their medicinal benefits weren’t well researched until decades later. Nevertheless, there’s been much advancement in the industry in the last few years. While CBD supplements are rapidly gaining popularity in the niche markets in New York City and Venice Beach, congress made it more mainstream by decriminalizing CBD extracts from hemp, provided that its THC, the psychoactive compound in cannabis, is lower than 0.3%. Since the Farm Bill passed in 2018, many CBD companies have emerged, and it’s challenging to separate the good from the bad.

In Ohio, where Maeve’s headquarter is located, hemp producers are licensed and regulated by the Ohio Department of Agriculture. Ohio is a leading member of hemp regulators. The ODA has created proper regulation and oversight that is much needed in a new and unestablished industry. It is also one of the most strict, so you can rest assured that if your CBD is certified by the state of Ohio, it is pure and third-party tested. Further, we pride ourselves on constant research and development. You can certainly purchase a great quality oil from us. What really sets us apart is the amount of evidence-based research that goes into each of our formulations. Maeve CBD Terpene is a prime example.

  • What are Terpenes?
  • Benefits of Terpenes
  • How Do Terpenes work?
  • Cannabis, Hemp CBD and Terpenes. What’s the difference?
  • Are terpenes such as Pinene, Limonene, Linalool, and Myrcene only found in cannabis?
  • Maeve CBD Terpenes Extracts
  • What is Terpene Profile?
  • Most common terpenes and their benefits
  • Do Terpenes get you high?
  • Will Terpenes Show Up on a Drug Test?

What are Terpenes?

Broadly speaking, terpenes are natural aromatic compounds with various medical properties found in both plants and animals. In plants, hemp and cannabis plants mainly, terpenes are responsible for color, smell, and flavor. If you have ever been energized by the scent of an orange peel or calmed by the relaxing scent of lavender, you have encountered terpenes. However, terpenes are much more important than being responsible for scents or colors. They attract pollinators and repel predators; they also help plants recover from damage and boost plant immune function.

Benefits of Terpenes

Terpenes are bioactive, which means it interacts with the human body when inhaled or ingested. Terpenes bind to receptors in the human body and create physiological responses that influence different neurotransmitters like dopamine and serotonin. In other words, terpenes can positively impact our physical, mental, and emotional health. Further, studies have attested to the anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, antiseptic, astringent, digestive, and many other properties of plant terpenes. Thus, terpenes have numerous health benefits. Perhaps that’s why it has been used for centuries in traditional medicines around the world.

How Do Terpenes work? 

Terpenes work in numerous ways with the body other than the sensory experience. Scientists have identified that terpenes and cannabinoids appear to work together to produce enhanced benefits – a phenomenon known as the entourage effect. For example, limonene, caryophyllene, and pinene are terpenes found in abundance in cannabis and hemp. They work side by side with THC to produce anti-inflammatory and analgesic (pain reducing) benefits. Linalool, a terpene found abundantly in lavender and cannabis, also has a special synergetic relationship in reducing anxiety.

Although both terpenes and cannabinoids are found in hemp plants, these affect the body in different ways. Cannabinoids like THC directly latch onto cannabinoid receptors in the body to produce effects, whereas most terpenes interface with other receptors. Some terpenes are both cannabinoid and terpene and bind to CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid system.

Cannabis, Hemp CBD and Terpenes 

Of all plants that carry medicinal terpenes, the *Cannabis Sativa plant has the most. 200 of the known terpenes are created by the cannabis plant alone. According to the author of this study, “This (cannabis) plant contains many medicinal properties like anticancer, antimicrobial, antifungal, antiviral, antihyperglycemic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and antiparasitic. Terpene is also used to enhance skin penetration, prevent inflammatory diseases.”

Terpenes have the potential to completely change the hemp and cannabis industry. The discovery of a synergistic relationship between cannabinoids and terpenes has set the stage for a future of carefully tailored extracts designed for specific conditions and experiences. Suppose you are familiar with the terms Sativa and Indica, you know that Sativa is a term used to describe strains of cannabis that create an uplifting, euphoric high. This is due to its high concentration of terpenes such as pinene and limonene. Limonene gives Sativa is distinctive citrusy smell. On the contrary, in strains known as Indica, myrcene and linalool are the abundant terpenes. Not only do they bring an earthy aroma, but both also have sedative effects and therefore has anti-anxiety effects and is a wonderful sleep aid.

Cannabis flowers and cannabis extracts naturally contain terpenes. Cannabis THC content is typically between 15-30%, while terpenes are around 3-5%. Broad-spectrum and full-spectrum CBD products also naturally contain cannabis terpenes. CBD isolate products do not contain any terpenes; therefore, they do not have any entourage effects.

Knowing how terpenes work and the synergistic effects with other cannabinoids allow us to formulate products for specific conditions. For example, we know from numerous studies that terpenes such as Myrcene, A-pinene, B-Pinene, and D-Limonene play a crucial role in treatment of pain. We also know Presidential OG Kush, a legendary cannabis strain with dominant terpenes Myrcene, limonene, and caryophyllene. CBD Terpenes Pain was created to have the terpene fingerprint of Presidential OG Kush and our organic Broad Spectrum CBD. In addition, our Broad Spectrum Hemp Extracts are from hemp genetics that contain natural terpenes such as humulene and beta-caryophyllene; both have anti-anxiety effects.

*We use the term Cannabis Sativa to include both hemp plants and cannabis

Are terpenes such as Pinene, Limonene, Linalool, and Myrcene only found in cannabis?

Absolutely not! Pinene, as the name indicates, is found in pine trees and pine needles. Terpene Limonene is found in peels of citrus fruits such as lemon. Lavender has an abundance of Linalool and Myrcene in basil, mangos, hops, and lemongrass.

Maeve CBD Terpenes Extracts

By carefully selecting different terpenes from natural plant sources and blending them to match specific terpene fingerprints in popular cannabis strains, we can tailor our CBD Terpene Extracts for particular conditions.

Our terpene strain fingerprints are natural, organic, and food-grade aroma compounds sourced from the highest quality plant-derived botanical materials.

Below is a snap shot of Canna Tsu, one of our most popular CBD Terpenes. 

canna tsu

What is Terpene Profile?

Terpene profile refers to the unique cocktail of aromatic molecules within each plant. Every strain possesses a unique terpene profile made up of varying percentages of different molecules. The most common terpenes usually come in abundantly, along with hundreds of other minor terpenes with a lower rate. Below is a snapshot of the terpene profile of Canna Tsu, a popular cannabis strain for anxiety, also found in our Anxiety formulation of CBD Terpene.

Terpene profile

Most common terpenes and their benefits

Myrcene: one of the most common terpenes associated with cannabis. It has a dank, earthy, and herbal scent. Despite being the smallest terpene by molecular size, myrcene can have powerful effects on the body with anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. However, it is also known to have a sedative effect or make you sleepy. As far as potential medical uses, myrcene has been indicated to be an antibacterial compound that may have pain relief properties. Besides being the most abundant terpene in cannabis, it is also found in mango, hops, thyme, and lemongrass.

Limonene: commonly found in the rinds of citrus fruits. Its scent is one of lemons and citrus fruits. Limonene is known to be an antifungal agent, and it may also boost mood and reduce inflammation. It’s a crucial terpene in CBD because it can increase the absorption rate of other terpenes. It is also found in mint, juniper, rosemary, and pine. It also has anti-inflammatory effects.

Caryophyllene: One of the most exciting terpenes, caryophyllene is found in cloves, cinnamon, and black pepper. It has a spicy, woody aroma. The caryophyllene terpene is unique because it may interact with the endocannabinoid system, just like cannabinoids. Furthermore, it may act as an analgesic and has anti-inflammatory properties.

Humulene: Another common terpene in cannabis, the humulene terpene is best described as ‘hoppy.’ It may act as an appetite suppressant and an anti-inflammatory.

To learn about the different terpene profiles for each of our CBD Terpenes, click the links below.

CBD Terpenes OGKB (Sleep)

CBD Terpenes Canna Tsu (Anxiety)

CBD Terpenes Tropicana Cookies (Energy)

CBD Terpenes Presidential OG Kush (Pain)

Do Terpenes get you high? 

Terpenes do not cause any psychoactive effects the same way THC does. However, they do work in more subtle ways to enhance mood.

Will Terpenes Show Up on a Drug Test?

If you are taking our brand of CBD Terpenes, it will not. This is because there are beneficial cannabinoids such as CBD and high terpene content, but it is THC free. To understand the difference between full-spectrum CBD products and Broad Spectrum, read more in this blog post. If you take a full-spectrum CBD oil with terpenes added to it, you might be at risk of failing a drug test.

Research

Therapeutic and Medicinal Uses of Terpenes

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7120914/

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